IELTS 移民雅思口语课堂之四 流畅与衔接


IELTS for Immigration to Canada, Lesson 4, Fluency and Coherence

下周是长周末,Columbus day不同的州和工作单位可能会放假。本周二或周三我会在newsletter里面加上一个coupon. 技术移民的initial consultation和雅思口语模考一次,两个一起打包200美元,仅限下周末使用,平日里单独价格超过270刀,机不可失,请关注你邮箱,如果你不在newsletter list里,可在Contact界面给我发消息或在首页join newsletter list.

四项评分标准今天讲最后一项,流畅与衔接度。雅思考试总分是听说读写四项取平均分,口语又是发音,词汇,语法,衔接四项平均分,流畅与衔接通常是拉高其他三项分数的选项。越是容易越不能失分要求更高分哦

Fluency and Coherence This refers to how good the candidate is at keeping talking at the right speed and how good they are at connecting their ideas together. This is a fairly general criteria which includes evaluating the relevance of the candidate's answers, but in terms of the elements we have identified in part 1 of this article, it refers to Speakers need to be able to understand and follow the rules of language at a word, sentence and text level.

说到语速,说得过快和过慢都是问题。

过慢的同学有两种情况

情形一 I think in my language, and then translate to English.

Well, don’t. Practice in English. Think in English. Write in English. Count in English. Daydream in English. 如果在一个国际化程度高的学习或工作环境,不仅要干活,能抓住机会就说。聊时事聊家庭聊八卦,在北美相对单纯的学习工作环境中,这是最不尴尬的情形了。如果组里都是华裔,那么在茶水间找其他组的聊,或者每个周末去参加社区的活动,每个城市,小镇的图书馆都有无限丰富的资源和活动信息,大多数只要报名就好了,是和local people认识的无经济成本最好方法。

情形二 When I’m talking, I don’t have time to think about it.

Yes, you do. Think first, then speak. 开车时候能听歌吗?健身时候能聊天吗?如果答案是可以,那么你也可以边想边说。速度略慢一些不要紧,语速中等偏慢不会在这一项扣分。只要不停顿过久(原则上不超过5秒,最好别超过3秒),慢有慢的好处(一会儿会说)。

When you’re not in a conversation with someone, think about the rules and practice applying them. Take your time and think about it. Practice enough that it happens automatically, and you don’t have to think about the rules.

过快怎么办?

过快要么是紧张,要么是习惯,或者两者并存。

首先,没啥好紧张的,雅思考官多是典型外向幽默阳光型的语言教育从业者,大多数考官都还能主动调动考生情绪,就当交个阳光朋友般聊天,就没压力了。假设你遇到的考官不那么外向幽默,那更别紧张,依我的经验,甜美笑容的考官有时候给分紧,反倒是略微严肃的考官两周后给我的分还略高一些。

其次,如果你一直语速快,每分钟词汇比别人都多,那么是加分的,怕只怕,说得太快,脑子跟不上嘴巴,停顿了,超过5秒了,这时候就要被扣分了。

本着宁愿略慢也不要过快导致思维短路忽然停顿扣分的原则。如果你嘴巴比脑子快(这类考生说中文也是这类思路,属于话唠,走到哪说到哪,人缘一定是很好的,不过听者的感受和上图类似),要多练习在平时说话时候看着对方眼睛,接话时候可以停一两秒,随时关注对方眼神变化来调整自己思路,也许有这一层的分散关注力,你的语速会慢下来—也不一定适用于每个人。还有方法就是录音,记录自己说一大段话的重点,然后复述,把废话全部去掉,通过反复练习可以说话时简洁,中等语速。

常用的连接词。要少用well, you know…没有任何错误,但太被滥用了。曾和一个法庭翻译聊天,她几分钟大概用了十几,几十个you know,听完了我都忘了她说过的其他重点。。因为。。you think I know, but I don’t know…

在表示平行,递进,转折时候要注意coherence, 用一些while, at first, furthermore, moreover, therefore, on the other side (hand), on the contrary, however, nonetheless一类的词,想必大家都很熟悉。再提供一串更有效的词组:

Fortunately/ Actually/ Originally/ Naturally/ Surprisingly/Suddenly

As usual/ As a matter of fact/ All of a sudden/ Now that you mention it/

雅思官方考点的四大项分析完了,是不是觉得自信了不少?下周该讲隐性考点:有趣的内容。

#SpeakingEnglish

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